DESCRIPTION: Deciduous shrub growing to 2-3 m in height. Tolerates the cutting well and for this reason is widely used for creation of hedges and espaliers. Leaves are lance-shaped, shiny. Small white flowers are arranged in top tassels (VI-VII). Fruits are black shiny berries arranged in clusters, decorating the plant for the whole winter. They are not edible for humans , but serve as a valuable fodder for birds. Prefers sunny locations. There are no special requirements for soil, though it prefers fertile well-drained soils. Resistant to unfriendly environment, air pollutions and frost.